Table of Contents
- 1 Treatment Of Bronchial Asthma Life
- 2 First Aid Tips For Bronchial Asthma
- 3 Induced Asthma Is A Chronic Inflammatory Pulmonary Disease That Affects The Bronchiole
- 4 Acute Bronchitis Causes and Its Treatment
- 5 How To Deal With Acute Bronchitis
Treatment Of Bronchial Asthma Life
How to live well with Asthma?
Asthma – is a widespread disease. Currently, the number of patients continues to increase, despite an earlier diagnosis and modern approaches to treatment. In the world, there are more than 150 million people suffering from bronchial asthma life.
Bronchial asthma life in the airways is chronic inflammation, which causes an exacerbation of asthma life attack. Attack can be short or long term. Often in the early stages of the disease attacks are in themselves, and the person is unaware of the disease. With the passage of time without treatment and prevention of asthma life episodes occur more frequently and more severe.
Typically, at this stage, a man turns to the doctor. Bronchial asthma life is a family affair, and hence a predisposition to it is inherited. Asthma is one of the parents’ doubles the risk of disease in a child, both parents – it increases to about double. Children and elderly people become ill more severe.
Treatment of bronchial asthma life
Treatment of bronchial asthma life in recent years radically changed their attitude to the treatment of bronchial asthma life. This is due to the fact that scientists have identified the crucial role of allergic inflammation in the airways and hyper responsiveness (hypersensitivity) bronchi. This is based on two major directions in the treatment of bronchial asthma life: a basic anti-inflammatory therapy and emergency care during a fit. In our country, for example, operates a national program for asthma life in children.
Anti-inflammatory therapy includes: corticosteroids (hormones) in tablet or inhaled. Moreover, inhaled corticosteroids are most preferred, as they have several advantages: the highest effect delivered directly into the airways and cause no serious side effects.
By inhaled forms include: Aldetsin, Bekotid, Beclason, Budesonide, Pulmicort, Ingakort. Potent anti-inflammatory effect has inhaled the drug Intal (sodium cromoglycate), Tayled (nedocromil sodium). These drugs are taken long courses. During exacerbation of the disease have prescribe additional medications, and after the attack, basic therapy will continue. One of the most modern medicines for the treatment of asthma life is Volmax (Albuterol) **Emergency Aid For Attack Of Asthma Life: Inhaler
1. Remove the cause and important allergens;
2. Provide access to fresh air, loosen clothing;
3. Appoint one of the drugs with bronhospazmoliticheskim action: berotek H, salbutamol, Berodual. 1-2 doses introduced by the dispensing of an aerosol inhaler or a nebulizer (an interval between the inhalation 2 minutes);
4. You can give the patient a tablet aminophylline;
5. Repeated inhalation if there is no effect after 20 minutes;
6. With an increase in asthma lives call an ambulance.
In bronchial asthma life should be a constant close contact with the doctor. As already mentioned, prepared an individual treatment plan for each patient. The plan should be flexible, changing depending on the severity and duration of illness. The patient is kept informed about new medical treatments for illnesses.
One of the highlights in the treatment of asthma life is a stepwise approach. With an increase in asthma life symptoms the patient goes to a higher level and changing treatment. At easing the symptoms and maintaining their manifestation at this level for 3 months stage is reduced to an almost complete withdrawal of drugs.
The main goal is to achieve long-term remission (complete absence or slowing of the attacks of breathlessness). As a result of this approach to the treatment of asthma life, doctors have been able to control the disease and prevent attacks. Quality of life in these patients was much higher and life expectancy has increased.
First Aid Tips For Bronchial Asthma
Bronchial asthma – a chronic respiratory disease, usually infectious-allergic nature, where there are attacks of breathlessness, often bear the painful nature. These attacks are caused by impaired patency of the bronchi due to muscle spasm of bronchial tubes (bronchioles), edema of the mucosa and occlusion of the lumen bronchial tubes viscous contents.
The causes of the disease include viruses, microbes, which interact with the body, causing his allergic restructuring. Most often, bronchial asthma develops in the presence of previous chronic respiratory diseases (particularly bronchitis and pneumonia), as well as the par nasal sinuses (e.g., sinusitis).
In bronchial asthma patient becomes sensitive to various stimuli allergic nature – pollen, chemicals, house dust, fungi and other agents of the environment. Exacerbation of the disease occurs more often in spring and autumn months, when the body is most prone to colds infections.
Asthmatic syndrome that develops in asthma is characterized by attacks of breathlessness, which often develop suddenly and at night. Patients may call the hour and minute of the beginning of the attack. The first harbingers of attack may be sore throat, cough, runny nose, itchy skin. After a short time the patient feels a lack of air. Breathing becomes increasingly difficult, while difficult to exhale, which is accompanied by loud wheezing. Soon after (that happens quite often) joins a cough with a small amount allocated to viscous sputum.
Asthma attack lasts from several minutes to several hours and sometimes days. Patients usually take the forced position for asthma. They are sitting or standing position, lean your hands on the edge of a table, chairs, beds, what kind of ease his condition. Shorter breath exhalation more than doubled (in normal vice versa). Respiratory rate at 1 min increased to 50 or more.
On examination, the patient is noteworthy pained expression on his face, somewhat stout, with a swollen, bluish neck veins, and the unnatural position, Noisy breathing, wheezing. Attack of asthma may result in a few minutes. But if it is painful and protracted nature, it is necessary to provide emergency first aid.
For mild attacks of asthma should be as soon as fresh air and calm the patient and help him take anti asthmatic, including an inhaler, which he should have at home. You can also give ephedrine tablets (1 -2 pills to 0,025 g), or aminophylline (0,1-0,15 g), or their equivalents. Preferably from the medical ones that best help the patient (usually he says exactly what).
There is a wide selection of medicines, with a bronchodilator effect. Such bronchodilator drugs include: salbutamol (Vitalina, astalin, salben, saltos) and fenoterol (berotek). Found in inhalers, they have a pronounced effect anti-bronhospasticheskim, as well as anti-inflammatory.
These aerosol cans should always have with you when leaving the house, because they urgently need. In more severe cases should be injected with aminophylline or adrenaline (1 ml of either) subcutaneously. It must ensure that the patient had taken these medications and tolerate them well.
If an attack of asthma is not terminated and the patient feels worse and worse, it is necessary to seek medical help. In severe cases, call an ambulance. From folk remedies for asthma are as follows:
• Marshmallow drug: Prepare infusion: Take 6-8 g of crushed roots and cover with cold water for 1 hour. Strain through a cheesecloth, add to improve the taste of sugar or honey. Take 2-3 teaspoons every 2 hours; • Horseradish: 150g of purified horseradish rinse in water and mince. In the resulting mass add the juice of 2 lemons and mix thoroughly (until smooth). Take 1 teaspoon 1 per day;
• Honey (if he does not have an allergic reaction): Take an ordinary kettle with a tight-fitting lid. Pour it in 50 ml of water, put on fire and when the water boils, put in her 1 tbsp. a spoonful of honey. At the spout put a rubber tube, but on the other end attach a plastic funnel.
Honey is added to water only after boiling (to avoid loss of volatile anti-microbial volatile production).Water should boil moderately, to regulate it, have at times shut down the fire.
Through a plastic funnel patient inhales the vapours. Breathing should be uniform. Procedures usually do in the morning. Duration is around 15-20 min. After the procedure is complete once the street is not going out. You can do the procedure and 1 times the evening before bedtime; • Liquorice: Prepare infusion: 15-20 g of the root boiled in 200 ml of water for 10 minutes, push for 2 hours. Take 1 tbsp. spoon 4-5 times a day;
• Cabbage: Of foreign scientists found that sauerkraut is consumed, softens the effect of asthma attacks. Particularly, favourable results were obtained in cases where patients are heavily fed on a salad, made from fermented cabbage, onion and garlic; • Celandine: Prepare a tincture: 20 g grass to fill in 200 ml of vodka. Infuse 2 weeks. Strain and take 20 drops (for seizures);
• Coltsfoot: Prepare infusion: 4 tsp crushed leaves make a glass of boiling water, 1 hour, and drain. Take 1 / 4 cup 4 times a day.
Induced Asthma Is A Chronic Inflammatory Pulmonary Disease That Affects The Bronchiole
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory pulmonary disease that affects the bronchiole. The air penetrate with more difficulty in the lungs because the swelling of the bronchiole.
The symptoms of asthma occur in episodes of asthma attack. This disease alternate’s free period with those of attacks.
An episode of asthma attack is determined by substances called triggers, substances presents in the external environment. For a healthy person these substances are harmless but for an asthmatic they cause severe symptoms like wheezing, difficulty breathing, coughing, dyspnoea, chest tightness.
The triggers are different for different persons. For example mole can cause an asthma attack to a person and be harmless for another asthmatic.
Exercise is another trigger that can induce asthma. It is usually a trigger for persons with a high sensitivity of the tracheobronchial tree. The mechanism trough exercise can induce asthma is not entirely known.
It is believed that the reaction of the tracheobronchial tree is a response to the differences of temperature and humidity between the air existing in the lungs and the air inhaled.
In a normal breath the air that arrives to the lungs is warmed and with a high humidity, because it is modified in the nasal mucous.
During an exercise the ventilation is higher and the air is being inhaled also trough the mouth and it go to the lungs as is in the atmosphere, colder and dryer then air inhaled trough the nose. This cold and dryer air represents the trigger of an asthma attack with the usual symptoms: wheezing, dyspnoea, and chest tightness.
Induced asthma trough an exercise can cause asthma attacks during the exercise or after it was finished. Exercise can be the only trigger for an asthmatic. Also can be a trigger for healthy persons that can experience the asthma symptoms only during an exercise.
It has to be made a difference between a real asthmatic and a healthy person because the treatment is different. But, with an appropriate treatment almost all the persons that have induced asthma trough an exercise can enjoy the benefits of regular exercise.
Acute Bronchitis Causes and Its Treatment
Acute bronchitis is a very common disease in our days. These viruses can be taken and introduced in our organism if an ill person is coughing in our presence. By coughing the virus is spread in atmosphere, and can be introduced in the human body along with the air we are breathing.
Many time the bacterium’s have been blamed to have the major roll in producing this disease, but now it have been demonstrated that they represent only 10% of this aetiology.
That can explain why the big amount of antibiotics prescript in this affection. But antibiotics are efficient only in diseases that are produced by bacteria.
Acute bronchitis is characterized by the temporary inflammation of the bronchiole, the lower part of the respiratory system, which assures the passing of air to the lungs. When an inflammation occurs, the calibre of this bronchiole, which can be resembled with some little tubes, is getting tighter.
They are getting all red and swollen and the human body tries to fight the infection, so he produces an increased amount of mucus. The presence of mucus is responsible of coughing and wheezing which is a high-pitched whistling sound, produced by the air passing to the inflamed tubes.
Usually an acute bronchitis passes in a few days. The treatments that can be indicated are the bronchodilators and the decongestants. These medications are prescribed to relieve the symptoms of acute bronchitis.
Unlike asthma, which is a permanent inflammation of the bronchioles; acute bronchitis has a temporary character. At some time, the asthma was definite like being a disease produced by the repeated acute bronchitis episode, because the presence of coughing and wheezing for a longer time.
If the symptoms present in the acute bronchitis persist longer than two weeks a patient should consult a doctor, because this disease can get aggravated.
How To Deal With Acute Bronchitis
Has it ever happened to you to believe that just when you were about to recover from a cold or even the flu an annoying cough and some pain in your chest start to develop? You might be inclined to believe that the cold has come back again and it was not really over. Well, that is not the problem. What you might feel is only the beginning of acute bronchitis. With bronchitis, chills and a mild fever will also appear.
Bronchitis is usually the result of a cold. This happens because the same virus that causes the flu also causes bronchitis. Furthermore, almost any infection in the respiratory system leads to bronchitis. This condition, bronchitis can be of two types: acute bronchitis or chronic bronchitis.
Acute bronchitis is a milder illness that affects the inner portion of the bronchial tubes. As a result of bronchitis, these airways become inflamed or even infected. People suffer from a cold very often, but not so after do they develop bronchitis afterwards. However, almost everyone has had bronchitis once in his/ her life. Acute bronchitis is a very mild illness that usually passes on its own. The majority of bronchitis cases last about one week. Acute bronchitis also does not leave effects.
However, the cough, which is the trade mark of bronchitis, may last a few weeks longer, after your bronchitis has healed. Br careful, though, because if you have bronchitis, even acute bronchitis, quite often, this may lead to other serious problems. Chronic bronchitis or asthma life may be the follow- ups of acute bronchitis.
The symptoms of acute bronchitis are similar to those of the cold. The first bronchitis sign that one will surely have is coughing. If the cough also brings mucus, green or yellow, that there is no doubt that you have acute bronchitis. The mucus that you cough when you have bronchitis does not come from the stomach, but it is produced by the airways.
In normal health conditions, your airways produce mucus, but it does not come up because they are always swallows with the saliva. When you have bronchitis, the airways are inflamed and thus, the mucus accumulates.
Furthermore, in bronchitis cases your body also produces more mucus. When you cough, the primary bronchitis symptom, the mucus comes up. If it is other colour than white, besides bronchitis, you might have another infection. However, not in all bronchitis cases, sputum is produced.